History of World / Regional Search Engines and Directories

Computers acquire become a way of activity for humans about the world. They are acclimated to analysis appellation papers, analysis acclimate forecasts, clue aggressive progress, barter account (blogs and chat) and to accretion the cheapest bulk on items etc. It is no abruptness that as the computer age takes authority computer acceptance has increased. The bulk of websites that are getting developed on the Apple Wide Web is growing at an anytime accretion exponential amount. And because we abide in a quick-fix society, with bound time on our hands, we charge something to accomplish surfing the web a lot easier, something that will array out all this arrival of advice into a analytic order.

Hence the admiration of seek engines, which acquire adapted the acceptation of seek and has fabricated our jobs easier. This cardboard focuses on seek engine case studies about the world. Altered seek engine regions alleged for analysis in this cardboard were: American, European, Canadian, Australian and the UK.

American Seek Engines

Introduction

As of January 1, 2004 the estimated animal citizenry of the Affiliated States of America was 292,287,428 and there were 164,100,000 computers (1). An estimated 90,000,000 households acquire admission to internet (2). With this abounding humans surfing the web, concern adeptness could cause one to admiration about the seek engines getting acclimated in America. Two of the a lot of accepted and able-bodied accepted seek engines in America are Google and Yahoo. Although a lot of humans acquire a alternative to one or the added seek engine it is difficult to say one is absolutely bigger than the added as the superior of seek is similar. According to some users, Google is the a lot of able seek engine in the apple (3). However, others users altercate that amid the two seek engines, “There is an ephemeral aberration in the superior and accommodation of results.” (3).

History of Google

Google, www.google.com, was created by two Stanford University students. The aboriginal name was BackRub but by 1998 the name had been afflicted to Google and it became a clandestine aggregation (4). A Googol is (10100), the chat Google was created as a aberration (5). Some altercate that Google is the top seek engine in the apple and absolutely it has become so accepted that it is now accepted as a verb (5).

General Information

Google has developed from indexing 25,000,000 pages in November of 1998 to 4,285,199,774 pages in of June 2004 (6). Google is a crawler based seek engine, acceptation that the seek engine sends out crawlers which automatically appointment sites, chase links and actualize indexes which are again searchable (7). Google is currently in a acknowledged action with the cloister systems to accumulate its name out of the concordance (5). Google was the aboriginal aloft seek engine to base non-HTML web agreeable acceptance PDF files to be accessed (8). Google aswell offers casework such as “cached” links that allows a user to appearance earlier versions of pages. Added appearance cover spell check, concordance definitions, affiliation of banal quotes, artery maps, and blast numbers (4).

Google Homepage

The home page offers a user abounding acceptable features. Google has an simple to use apparatus bar that users can download assimilate their claimed computers (3). If a user wants to seek accurately for pictures the “Images” button will accord them admission to the absolute web but abandoned those after-effects absolute images will appearance up. The “Groups” button allows users to participate in discussions that are demography abode on Usenet newsgroups. The “News” button will accommodate banderole account belief and you can acquire account alerts on specific capacity beatific anon to your email.

“Froogle” is a simple, simple way for a user to seek for a arrangement or even a specific account online. The “more” hotlink provides admission to human-compiled advice from the “Directory”, allows a user to get biking advice or even artlessly use a calculator. The “Advanced Search” will acquiesce a user to absolute a seek to PDFs or .edu seek results. “Preferences” allows customization of Google services. “Language Tools” will construe any website or commodity into an barefaced language. If you’re analytical about Advertising, Business Solutions or about Google, bang beneath the seek box on one of the links. The “I’m Feeling Lucky” button will yield a user anon to the aboriginal page aftereffect of their seek and not appearance any added pages. Google lists its sponsored links abandoned from its accepted seek results.

History of Yahoo

Yahoo, http://www.yahoo.com, was created in 1994 (4). A lot of humans are accustomed with the phrase, “Do You Yahoo?” created as a Beast bartering slogan.

General Information

In 2004 Beast is believed to be indexing about 3 billion pages (9). Beast is the oldest directory, “relying on animal editors to adapt web sites into categories” however, Beast absitively to accomplish a behemothic about-face appear crawler based listings in October of 2002 (4). Beast ahead relied on Google for seek after-effects but in February of 2004 Beast created its own seek technology (4). “It is important to agenda the new seek engine is for web after-effects only. Angel seek is still powered by Google, and Account seek is a aggregate of Yahoo’s own beat and abstruse resources.” (10). Beast has abounding of the aforementioned appearance Google provides such as “cashed” links, spell check, dictionary, chicken pages, and mapping programs. Beast aswell provides email casework for chargeless as continued as the user doesn’t apperception administration the page with advertisements. In fact, Yahoo’s adeptness and acquaintance from the email casework are believed to be attainable in accouterment Beast with a added compassionate of spam and an adeptness to accumulate it out of their web page base (10).

Yahoo Homepage

Yahoo’s home page is chaotic compared to the simple architecture of Google. Beast has the archetypal avant-garde seek options and preferences acceptance for customization of features. To the appropriate of the seek box is a cull tab that allows a user to absolute their seek to the web, images, chicken pages, news, or artefact information. A user can accessory up cine times, forward beast greetings, seek for a house, or accretion biking information, just to name a few things. Yahoo’s website agenda has sites organized by capacity such as, education, science, health, and government. Appear the basal of the page is a account of bounded Yahoo’s. Who knew that there was a Beast Singapore let abandoned a Beast Catalan. Like Google, Beast lists its sponsored links abandoned from its accepted seek results.

European Seek Engines

Introduction

There are 44 nations in the European region. These countries are home to 567,095,995 people, 9.33% of the world’s citizenry (11). Anniversary of these countries has at atomic one bounded attainable seek engine. Some of them acquire several (12). Booz-Allen & Hamilton, one of the Affiliated States’ earlier and added admired consulting firms conducted a abstraction which acicular out that “…22% of European households acquire admission to the Internet” and in 2004 it is accepted that, “Western Europe should acquire added than 215,000,000 users on the Internet on at atomic a annual base (13).”

The countries of Europe acquire been circuitous in a continued and circuitous action of European integration. The EU was formed 1 November 1993 and is a abutment of 25 absolute states (Appendix 1) (14). As one of its objectives; the EU has taken on the claiming of amalgam affiliate states and surrounding countries to accommodate them with abiding Internet and E-commerce development and advance (15). Alltheweb and Ezilon are two of the abounding seek engine companies that are gluttonous to capitalize on the befalling provided by the EU integration.

History of Alltheweb

Fast Seek and Alteration (Fast) ASA started business operations in 1997 in Oslo, Norway. In June 2001 they went public. Fast is an bulge of bookish analysis and development from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (16). Fast Seek and Alteration launched Alltheweb in May 1999 and gave it the cast name of “Fast” until 2001, if the website was redesigned beneath the “Alltheweb” brand. Alltheweb, http://www.alltheweb.com, again became a attainable seek engine and technology advertise for the Fast Seek Aggregation (17). In February of 2003, Overture appear they would acquirement Alltheweb from Fast. The acquisition, accompanying with their antecedent advertisement to acquirement the AltaVista Company, helped Overture to bolster their administration in bartering seek and accumbent the aggregation to actualize the a lot of absolute seek adequacy on the Internet (18). Yahoo! Corporation bought Overture on October 7, 2003 to fortify itself for an closing showdown with Google and Microsoft (19).

General Information

Alltheweb now has all of the indexing adeptness of Google. Through the accretion process, Alltheweb has added its accomplishment to become a baton in the seek engine association throughout Europe (19). Its advisers strive to advice Beast accommodate the best attainable seek engine not just in Europe, but the world.

Alltheweb Homepage

Pulling up the Alltheweb homepage (20) the user is provided with a simple and simple to cross site. Alltheweb homepage contains 5 tabs: web, news, pictures, video and audio. However, the user has to seek for a specific affair to accretion advice in these categories rather than advice getting attainable for them on the site. All “sponsored links” are beheld to the appropriate of the page area they are attainable if desired. Abandoned afterwards casual through all of the paid links does the eyewitness appear to the a lot of accordant seek returns. On achievement of a seek for a affair the user is provided with an advantage to “Refine your search” which provides added subcategories on the topic. Added appearance offered on Alltheweb are the adeptness to clarify abeyant abhorrent content, bind the bulk of after-effects per page, highlight seek terms, change argument size, and the adeptness to attainable seek after-effects in a new window. You can baddest up to 8 adopted languages from a account of 36.

History of Ezilon

Ezilon.com seek engine was founded to acquiesce individuals and companies about the apple to admission advice easily, decidedly by the EU community. (21) The Ezilon homepage states that Ezilon.com is a European Abutment All-embracing Seek Engine and Directory. (22)

General Information

Ezilon seek engine provides a searchable agenda for European websites alignment from Europe biking links, business, hotels, account and classified ads and a lot of abnormally links from the Western European countries. They aswell acquire listings for non EU websites, but they accept to acquire capacity of absorption to the EU or accepted Europe. (23)

Ezilon Homepage

Ezilon homepage has anon attainable advice on it. Unlike added websites which present “Sponsored links” Ezilon provides “Sponsored matches” above-mentioned to the seek results. Ezilon’s “Sponsored matches” can be beheld to the appropriate of the page.

Ezilon specializes, through the advice of the EU, in pooling and distributing advice for the advance of a affiliated Europe. Added acceptable appearance attainable to users are: accepted links, acclimate anticipation and banderole news. Assorted categories are attainable for seek e.g., art, science, business, technology etc. Users acquire an advantage to seek the EU, UK or the World. In accession to all aloft mentioned appearance chargeless email is provided to associates of Ezilon.

Canadian Seek Engines

Introduction

As of July 1, 2004 estimated citizenry of Canada is 32,247,874 with 16,19,000 internet users (24). Canada today stands at the bulk 7 position a allotment of countries with internet users (25). There are 13 ambit and territories in Canada and the acceptance of seek engines varies by these ambit and territories (26). This area will focus on abandoned two of the top 5 a lot of frequently acclimated Canadian Seek Engines: AltaVista Canada and AOL Canada (27). The afterward sections will accommodate a abrupt history, accepted advice and advice about the homepages of these two seek engines.

History of AltaVista Canada

AltaVista, which agency “a appearance from above,” was aggressive by the conception of big account from a aggregation of experts with allure for befitting clue of advice (28). During the bounce of 1995, scientists at Digital Equipment Corporation’s Analysis lab in Palo Alto, CA, devised a way to abundance every chat of every HTML page on the internet in a fast searchable base (28). This led to AltaVista’s development of the aboriginal searchable, abounding argument database on the Apple Wide Web (28). Compaq became the buyer of AltaVista afterwards it purchased Digital in 1998. AltaVista was after spun off into a clandestine company, controlled by CMGI. Overture, purchased the AltaVista in April 2003, eventually Overture became allotment of Beast which led to the buying alteration of AltaVista to Beast (29). AltaVista Canada was launched in January of 1998. Over 1,500,000 altered users visited the website and cartage to the website grew by over 300% aural the aboriginal year of its launch. AltaVista Canada was a aftereffect of an acceding amid TELUS bartering Casework and Compaq Computer Corp.’s AltaVista Seek Account (30).

General Information

AltaVista was the aboriginal to bear internet’s aboriginal Web Base in 1995. It was aswell the aboriginal in alms multilingual seek capabilities on the internet and to barrage image, audio and video seek capabilities. It has been awarded 61 search-related patents, added than any added internet seek aggregation (28). AltaVista is abounding for all-embracing sites. It will accretion sites not abandoned in English on a topic, but in just about every accent imaginable. In case the user isn’t bilingual, Alta Vista aswell includes a actual attainable adaptation apparatus (31).

AltaVista Canada Homepage

The homepage of AltaVista offers users assorted acceptable and simple to use features. The homepage houses Canadian web base of added than 14,000,000 pages. It allows you to seek accepted or aural Canada. For the accessibility of its users, AltaVista Canada provides a affection to baddest a accent in which to present the after-effects of its search. AltaVista provides a toolbar which is free, customizable and gives the user the analysis accoutrement to accomplish searches and translations from their own browser anywhere on the web. Popup acquaintance affection on the toolbar gets rid of annoying pop-ups. The “Web search” searches aural all AltaVista indexes, including the best angel seek on the web. The homepage aswell provides specific appearance that advice you attenuated your seek for abandoned images, music files, videos, account and agenda based on specific topic. “Advanced search” advantage provides altered appearance for seek options e.g., phrase, keywords, date, book type, area and sites per page option.

History of AOL Canada

AOL Canada Inc. is a arch alternate account aggregation focused on acceptable Canadians online user experience. The aggregation is a cardinal accord amid American Online, Inc., a wholly endemic accessory of Time Warner and RBC Royal Bank, the claimed and bartering cyberbanking analysis of RBC Financial, one of North America’s arch adapted banking casework companies. This accord took abode on July, 1999. The aggregation operates three alternate online casework tailored to the Canadian marketplace, AOL English and French services, CompuServe and Netscape Online as able-bodied as several arch Internet brands including AOL.CA, AOL Canada Search, AOL Burning Agent (AIM), Netscape.ca and MapQuest (32).

General Information

Members of AOL Canada Inc. acquire an added advantage. In accession to approved Web access, audience may accept to cream central of the AOL environment, which is abandoned attainable to AOL Canada Inc. members. Central the AOL environment, associates accept a abounding accord of Canadian agreeable that has been automated to accommodated their needs. Surfing on the Apple Wide Web can sometimes be cutting and arresting due to the boundless bulk of advice available. AOL Canada Inc. has alleged the a lot of accepted channels and listed them on the Approach Menu, anniversary approach alms an abounding bulk of advice provided by AOL Canada Inc. and their ally on that accurate affair (33).

Homepage of AOL Canada

AOL Canada’s homepage presents a array of appearance to accomplish seek and web surfing easier for its users. Some appearance presented on its capital page are: a assurance in for AOL burning messenger, mail, affectionate control, reminders and agenda etc. It has a area for “Shopping online” which gives its users an advantage to accept the specific account they are arcade for. “Web channels” affection gives users a adventitious to seek the web for careers, auto, entertainment, bloom news, sports etc. It aswell contains a area for chicken and white pages search. Users can seek for humans or places in this section. AOL Canada search, which is powered by Google, gives users a adventitious to seek by affair or key words. The “Advanced search” affection abandoned has options for words and phrases rather than book blazon or specific sites e.g. .edu or .org. Seek after-effects cover “Sponsored links” and analogous sites. It aswell has a “devices” tab area AOL offers Palm Organizers. Added advice included on the homepage is aggregation information, news, appraisement plans, application and acquaintance information.

Australian Seek Engine

Introduction

Although the internet is globally accessible, the majority of its users abide in the added developed nations area computer acceptance is a lot of common. Australia has a top allotment of computer acceptance which resulted in added acceptance of the internet and development of seek engines. The Australian citizenry is currently 20,141,793 (34) with 10,600,000 (35) computer users. Of which 9,240,000 (24) acquire internet access.

History of Web Wombat

As computers were getting chip into Australian businesses and homes, companies, such as Web Wombat, began to advance seek engines to accomplish advice added attainable to Australians and the world. As the internet grew and added pages began to be indexed, Web Wombat angry its focus entering on Australia (36). This action accepted to be actual acknowledged as axiomatic by the actuality that today Web Wombat’s spiders clamber the web for new sites to add to its already all-inclusive accumulation of 100,000,000 web sites, authoritative it Australia’s arch seek engine (37).

Homepage of Web Wombat

Web Wombat indexes and food a amazing bulk of advice and the way in which they chose to present it is hardly altered than added seek engines. The lay out of Web Wombat’s home page is initially bedeviled by advertisements. To the larboard of the home page there is a box blue-blooded “Premium links” which are not organized in any specific order. An archetype of this is the actuality that, of the twenty one listings aural the box, there are three abstracted links to car rental sites, two to hotels, and assorted links to things such as online dating. This advice would be added advantageous to consumers if it were categorized in some appearance aural a agenda or if it were displayed to the ancillary of a accompanying search. Beneath the “Premium links” box is the “Daily assets box” which provides links alignment from links to apple newspapers to Grumpy’s humor. At the top of the page there are a bulk of headings alignment from careers and apprenticeship to auctions.

The absorbing affair is that if you bang on auctions it takes you anon to ebay.com.au. However, the careers and apprenticeship tab is far added objective. This hotlink provides a card on the larboard with a array of attainable links and again online writing with links in the centermost of the page. The “Search” acreage is displayed in the centermost of the page however; it is not actual arresting already barraged by ads, exceptional links and advertisements. The “Advanced search” has an absorbing affection which enables humans to seek by “nice to acquire words”, “must acquire words”, “nice to acquire phrase”, and the adeptness to annihilate assertive words. This affection becomes actual acceptable if a user wishes to attenuated the after-effects to a adapted city-limits beneath “nice to acquire words”. By absorption the seek in such a way, the advice delivered is fabricated added accordant after eliminating too abounding attainable matches. Another nice affection is that “Advanced search” enables humans to accurately seek all Australian pages, Australian government sites, or Australian educational pages.

UK Seek Engines

Introduction

The citizenry of UK as of July 2004 is 60,270,708 with 25,000,000 internet users (24). There are about 40 top Seek engines in the UK; some of them are accustomed to the Affiliated Declared such as Google, Beast and Overture. These seek engines are custom ill-fitted to acquire alternative searches, whether bounded searches aural the UK or on the Absolute Apple Wide Web. Some seek engines aural the UK are added specialized; area you acquire to pay a cable to use that accurate seek engine, for archetype UK Plus and UK Index. And some seek engines like Abounding British Pages, abandoned seek for British websites (39). Getting a developed country, it is not hasty that the UK has a ample bulk of seek engines. The afterward area of the cardboard is focused on UK originated seek engines.

History of Excite

Excite was originally formed in 1993 by 5 Stanford university graduates who alleged their seek engine Architext. This was added developed by acceptance accessory Stanford and in 1994 Accelerate Inc. came about and was launched in 1995. Accelerate abandoned acquired a web crawler in November 1996 and over the years they added appearance and software and the advantage of seek on the Apple Wide Web. Bounded seek engines such as Accelerate UK were added to their seek engine. Accelerate has an base of 250,000,000 pages and multimedia items in 2000 and about 19,000,000 account users (40).

General Information

Using a specific UK seek engine such as Accelerate UK can be beneficial. Accelerate UK will absolute your seek geographically and the users after-effects will appear out in a abate calibration accouterment added accordant after-effects (41). If a user in the UK wants to accretion out about bounded account or analysis the banal of UK companies a bounded seek engine will accommodate added accordant information.

Excite Homepage

Features of Accelerate UK are altered compared to the accepted “dot com” American seek engines. The Accelerate UK seek engine homepage has the seek box in a arresting position at the top of the page with options amid beneath to seek the Apple Wide Web or abandoned UK sites. In this account it is a bifold seek engine (UK and Apple Wide Web) (40, 42). Accelerate UK has a Accepted User Interface (GUI) which is actual busy, acceptation that it has a lot of advice on its homepage alignment from UK account account and images, UK stocks, UK online shopping, UK stores, accepted horoscopes, bounded weather, a directory, and assorted added casework targeted for humans active in the UK (42). The Accelerate homepage is aswell customizable, in that you are able to change the blush of the homepage (skins) according to your admired blush or to the colors of your admired football team. Besides just analytic the web on Excite, you can seek application “Categories” for images, videos, mp3s, news, and people. The accelerate UK homepage aswell has a bill calculator beneath the “Tools” section. Accelerate UK displays minimum advertising. If a user clicks on the “More” button altered subcategories aural a seek can be alleged (43).

Conclusion

Search engines acquire become an basic allotment of internet use for the boilerplate computer user. As added advice becomes attainable on the internet, the charge for aboveboard seek engines increases. As Professor Krishnamurthy declared in class, the bulk of agreeable attainable on the internet has developed exponentially in contempo years and as it grows people’s seek amount will access unless seek technology improves (38). Throughout the world, internet users are provided with assorted seek engines that action altered appearance depending on their user needs. The accomplishment of these needs aftereffect in the success of seek engines about the world.